There are obviously two educations.
One should teach us how to make a living
and the other how to live.
- James T. Adams, To Be or To Do, Forum, 1929.
Bill is a research scientist at the George Perkins Marsh Institute of Clark University.
His research and teaching focus on ethics and public policy, with an emphasis on animals, the environment and sustainability. Standing astride the environmental humanities and social sciences, Bill uses ethics and interpretive policy analysis to explore how moral norms shape public policy.
In this respect, he has worked on a wide range of local and global topics including wolf recovery, outdoor cats and biodiversity, barred and northern spotted owls, the Canadian seal hunt, the Earth Charter, global sustainability, sustainability science, and urban ecology.
As former Director of the Masters in Animals and Public Policy (MAPP) program at Tufts University, and a visiting professor at Williams College, he taught courses in animal studies, environmental studies, ethics, qualitative research, and public policy.
He is a founding editor of the international journal Ethics, Policy and Environment (formerly Ethics, Place and Environment), former chair of the Ethics Specialist Group of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and an International Associate of the New Zealand Centre for Human-Animal Studies.
Having served as a research scholar at ethics and policy think-tanks, Bill is also available as a consultant and keynote speaker, helping citizens and organizations expand their toolbox for policy-making.